Female reproductive system

The female reproductive system includes two ovaries, two fallopian tubes, the uterus, and the vagina (Fig. 1). The reproductive system is a subtle mechanism implementing a set of repeating physiological changes, i.e. a menstrual cycle. Regular menstrual cycle is vital for the woman’s ability to conceive.

Fig. 1. Female reproductive organs.

Female reproductive organs

  1. Uterus
  2. Fallopian Tube
  3. Uterus Cervix
  4. External Orifice of Uterus
  5. Ovary
  6. Vagina

 

The primary process of menstrual cycle is maturation of an eg (oocyte) which can be fertilized. At the same time the inner uterus layer (endometrium) is getting prepared for reception of the fertilized oocyte (implantation). The flow of this process is regulated by hormones.

 

In the beginning of menstrual cycle the glands located in female brain discharge into blood the hormones which stimulate the oocyte maturation in the ovary> and ovulation. These hormones are usually called after their functions, their names coming from Latin or Greek and usually used in abbreviated form.

The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones produced in the brain.

Gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GRH) plays a key role in hormone regulation of the menstrual cycle. It stimulates the discharge of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) by the brain area, called hypophysis. Both hormones influence the ovaries via blood. The conception is possible only if the processes sequence is accurate.

“…When I left the clinic and walked down the Nevsky Prospect I knew I was pregnant — and the feeling was right! 9 month after her visit at the AVA Clinic Alexander was born!”

Ewa and Sten

“Three times I went to Russia to pick up some eggs. Six embryos tested by PGS and one was good ))) This little embryo was born when I was 44 and the egg they used was from me when I was 43…”

Susanne

After 3 IVF in Sweden, 3 miscarriages, Elisabet and Pär became parents of lovely Ester through egg donation in St. Petersburg


Having questions? Ask our doctors now!

A blog by Tone Bråten

A blog — to help you on your journey to become parents!

Our patients tell their stories



  •    
    The Egg Solution
    Aftenposten, 27 September 2019, Norway. Miriam Lund Knapstad, Helle Aarnes
    More
    Olga is the miracle doctor who gives baby guarantee
    ALLAS.se, Sweden. 6 August 2019. Text & Malin Aunsbjerg
    More
    Cilla Holm became a mother on her own – this is her new Liv (life)
    Dagens Nyheter, Sweden. 7 May 2019
    More
    Russian baby guarantee is the Swedes’ last chance
    Svenska Dagbladet, Sweden. 7 April 2019
    More
    Mum through embryo donation
    Marie Granmar is my very dear patient from more than 8 years ago. Please listen to Marie’s interview on TV4 7 March 2019 in Sweden
    More
    "I became pregnant with an embryo adoption”
    One more story about our dear patient Cilla Holm by Tara Magazine, Sweden
    More
    Titiyo became this year's Comeback Mum: "I've broken the norm"
    More
    Monika and André pay 240,000 SEK for having a child
    More
    "Had to travel abroad to get pregnant after 8 IVF attempts in Norway"
    Interview with our patient Elin Renate by TV2 Norway
    More
    Report on us on Norwegian Television TV 2
    More
    Enjoy our dear patient Cilla's story, who has been interviewed by the "Dagens Nyheter", daily newspaper in Sweden
    More
    Report on us and our dear patient Hillevi on SVTPlay & SVTNews
    More
    FacebookInstagram